We’re Gonna Need a Bigger Number

As we begin the holiday season, I thought it would be useful to arm you with a bit of “know it all” cocktail conversation trivia. Considering how serious things are today, I hope that the following critical information will allow you to diffuse and de-escalate the inevitable contentious convos about Twitter, crypto, politics, and such.

According to Nature, by the 2030s, the world will generate around a yottabyte of data per year — that’s 1024 bytes, or the amount that would fit on DVDs stacked all the way to Mars.

I’m not sure how useful Nature’s DVD/Mars metaphor is. On any given day, the distance between Mars and the Earth can be anywhere between 34 million miles to 250 million miles, and the DVD spec provides a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. Let’s just say 1024 bytes is a “yotta” bytes. (Pun intended.)

Here are some ways to think about it. When describing amounts of data, we didn’t need the prefix “exa” (1018) until 1975. Why? Because up until 1986, every bit of information created by humans (spoken words, written words, radio, TV, everything) is estimated to have been between 2.6 and 5 EB (exabytes).

In 2020, it is estimated that the world produced just over 64 ZB (zetabytes) of digital data; that’s 1021 bytes. The name “zetabyte” was created in 1991 along with the name yottabyte. And, as stated above, we are on a path to create a yottabyte of data per year. For reference, 1 million exabytes equals 1 yottabyte. Or, if you like to see your numbers written out, 1 yottabyte equals approximately 1 septillion bytes — or, as an integer, 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes.

On November 18, 2022, respecting the fact that the velocity of data is increasing and will always increase, the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) voted to introduce four new prefixes to the International System of Units (SI). The prefixes ronna and quetta represent 1027 and 1030, and ronto and quecto signify 10−27 and 10−30. Earth weighs around one ronnagram; an electron’s mass is about one quectogram.

Remember to only use this information for defensive purposes; bringing it up in polite company will almost always be considered an offensive move. Early Happy Thanksgiving wishes to all.

Author’s note: This is not a sponsored post. I am the author of this article and it expresses my own opinions. I am not, nor is my company, receiving compensation for it.

About Shelly Palmer

Shelly Palmer is the Professor of Advanced Media in Residence at Syracuse University’s S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, co-founder of Metacademy, and the CEO of The Palmer Group, a consulting practice that helps Fortune 500 companies with technology, media and marketing. Named LinkedIn’s “Top Voice in Technology,” he covers tech and business for Good Day New York, is a regular commentator on CNN and CNBC and writes a popular daily business blog. He’s the Co-Host of the award-winning podcast Techstream with Shelly Palmer & Seth Everett and his latest book, Blockchain - Cryptocurrency, NFTs & Smart Contracts: An executive guide to the world of decentralized finance, is an Amazon #1 Bestseller. Follow @shellypalmer or visit shellypalmer.com.

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